Weekly Market Report: September 23, 2022
All eyes were on the FOMC decision and narrative last week with a relatively light economic calendar and sparse 2Q earnings announcements. Safe to say, the Fed delivered another dose of tough love, and it wasn’t very well received by risk markets as it was made clear the Fed is pretty comfortable with a policy induced recession. Thanks in large part to surging global interest rates, global equity markets traded down sharply with the S&P 500 touching a new bear market low, now -23.7% below the post Covid high. Developed international and emerging market equities traded sharply lower as well as U.S., German, and U.K. bond yields all marked new multi-year highs. Oil (-7.5%) dragged the commodity complex lower in sympathy with slowing global economic activity.
• It was a difficult week with surging global bond yields and the ripple effect in what has been a historic bond market route and commensurate slide in equity markets where we’ve now endured three 10%+ downdrafts following the record high in early January.
• The surge in bond yields is historic no matter how you look at it. The 2y/10yr inversion exceeded 50bps last week – the deepest inversion we’ve seen since 1982 and a level commonly found in recessions (22% of the time) and always within 15 months of one.
• The FOMC delivered a third consecutive 75bps rate hike last week, taking rates to 3.0-3.25% and revised projections to another 125bps by year end with terminal rate expected to land at 4.5%-4.75%.
• In addition to median rate expectations detailed above, the SEP included downward revisions to forecasted economic growth and upward revisions to core inflation and unemployment.
• Synchronized tightening maintained its global theme last week with the U.S., BoE, Sweden, and Swiss central banks (among others) hiking rates while the BoJ again left rates unchanged. Accordingly, overall financial conditions have tightened meaningfully.
• USD strengthened 3.12% last week, wreaking havoc on FX markets including inducing Japan to engage in its first direct FX intervention since the 1990’s. The Euro is down 17% YTD and only three EM currencies (Mexico, Peru, Brazil) are up on the year with most down over 10%.
• The British Pound traded sharply lower on the announcement of a UK plan for the largest tax cuts since 1972, including the elimination of the top income tax bracket in a bid to stoke growth.
• Despite exceedingly tight global oil markets and ever-present geopolitical risk, oil has traded down in sympathy with concerns about falling global demand amid the economic slowdown.
• The Atlanta Fed GDPNow model which was firming in early August has deteriorated sharply in recent weeks with the latest Q3 U.S. GDP estimate at 0.3%.
• One consistently dovish monetary policy talk point is that while current inflation remains elevated, households seem to expect the Fed to succeed in bringing down inflation based on NY Fed, UofM and other household survey data.
Economic Release Highlights
• September U.S. PMI (C,M,S) of 49.3, 51.8, 49.2 measures improved meaningfully relative to August and beat consensus (47.0, 51.3, 45.0) across the board.
• September composite, services, and manufacturing PMI prints for September in the EU and UK were all in contractionary territory.
• The Conference Board LEI for August declined 0.3%, more than expectations for -0.1%, posting a sixth consecutive MoM decline.
• August Housing Starts (1.575M vs 1.440M) and Permits (1.517M vs 1.621M) came in above and below respectively, their consensus estimates. Existing Home Sales of 4.8M came in higher than forecasted (4.7M) but in a slowing trend with both MoM (-0.4%) and YoY (-19.9%) cooling off.
• September’s Housing Market Index registered a depressed 46 versus a consensus estimate of 48